What are gender roles like in hunting and gathering societies?

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Hadley Veum asked a question: What are gender roles like in hunting and gathering societies?
Asked By: Hadley Veum
Date created: Tue, Sep 21, 2021 2:51 PM
Date updated: Tue, Sep 13, 2022 9:57 AM

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This assumption comes from studies of modern hunter-gatherers, where men more frequently are responsible for the hunt while women bear the most responsibility for caring for children, says Arizona State University's Kim Hill, who specializes in human evolutionary anthropology and was not part of the study team.

Gender roles were specifically defined in most hunter gatherer societies. Women were responsible for gathering food plants and berries and preparing food. They were also responsible for bearing and raising children. Most of the women's activities, therefore, were performed close to home.

  • In hunter-gather society, gender role was in a balance status. Women’s role was relatively equal to men’s role. While in agriculturally-based human society, gender role became unbalanced because of the appearance of farming and domestic animals. The different gender role between women and men was attributable to productivity differences.
  • In hunter-gather society, gender role was in a balance status. Women’s role was relatively equal to men’s role. While in agriculturally-based human society, gender role became unbalanced because of the appearance of farming and domestic animals.

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